Carotenoids content and antibacterial activity from galls of Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel (combretaceae).

SOMBIE Pierre Alexandre Eric Djifaby, COULIBALY Ahmed Yacouba, HILOU Adama, KONATE Kiessoum, COMPAORE Moussa Marie-Hyacinthe, NACOULMA Odile Germaine

Abstract


Guiera senegalensis is a well known medicinal plant which is used as a drug in Burkina Faso. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the carotenoids content and antibacterial activity from galls of Guiera senegalensis. The hydroacetonic extract (HAE) exhibited the highest of β-carotene (4.67±0.25 mg/g) and lycopene (0.99±0.0735 mg/g) content. The extracts and fractions of galls exhibited antimicrobial activity against some gram positive and gram negative bacteria. We observed an inhibitory activity of the extracts against Bacillus cereus ATCC 13061 and Staphylococus aureus ATCC 6538 which showed a resistance to the penicillin and ampicillin. The ratio of the MBC and the MIC showed that the hydroacetonic extract is bactericidal against all the bacterial strains used except for Proteus mirabilis ATCC 35659. The aqueous decoction extract is bactericidal against all the bacterial species tested. The present study thus suggested that galls from G senegalensis may be used as a new potential source of natural nutraceutical components.

Keywords


Guiera senegalensis, Galls, Antibacterial activity, carotenoid content

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References


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