Antioxidative and antiproliferative activities of isolated compounds from Prunus domestica: an in vitro study

Naveen Dhingra, Rajesh Sharma, Anand Kar

Abstract


In this investigation the antioxidant as well as antiproliferative activities of different isolated compounds from ethyl acetate fraction of Prunus domestica (peel + flesh) were studied in two human breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7 and MDA-MB-468. Free radical scavengering as done with 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) study indicated different degrees of antioxidative activity of the isolated compounds such as chlorogenic acid, protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid, ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid and rutin. However maximum antioxidative activity was observed in chlorogenic acid with IC50 of 0.115 mg/ml. With respect to antiproliferative potential, chlorogenic acid also exhibited the maximum antiproliferative activity on MCF-7 and protocatechuic acid on MDA-MB-468 human breast cancer cell lines. This appears to be the first report that provides a comparative account on the antioxidant and antiproliferative property of some isolated active compounds of the Indian variety of fruit, Prunus domestica.


Keywords


Prunus domestica, antioxidant, antiproliferative, DPPH, human breast cancer cell lines.

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References


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