Formulation and Evaluation of Sitagliptin Phosphate and Metformin Hydrochloride Trilayered tablets

Prathima Srinivas Maringanti, Chaitanya Nalagonda

Abstract


Sitagliptin phosphate when used alone is an oral anti hyperglycemic drug of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor class. It is available as tablets under trade name JANUVIA. Metformin hydrochloride is used alone in the form of biguanide anti hyperglycemic agent for treating non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and is available as both conventional and sustained release tablets. The objective of the present study was to develop a trilayered tablet of immediate release Sitagliptin phosphate layer and sustained release Metformin Hydrochloride layer. Apart from the aesthetic appeal this trilayered tablet is expected to improve glucose tolerance in patients with the type 2 diabetes by lowering both basal and postprandial plasma glucose, reducing the dose, reducing frequency of administration and dose related gastrointestinal side effects of metformin and improve its bioavailability thus improving the patient compliance. Metformin Hydrochloride has biological half-life of nearly 6 hours. An attempt was made to sustain its release by using two different polymers in two layers. Preformulation studies including drug excipient compatibility studies were conducted for both drugs. Different formulations of sustained release Metformin HCl tablets were prepared by using a combination of hydrophilic polymers like HPMC K100, HPMC K4M, HPMC K15 M, pH sensitive polymer Carbopol 971P, retarding polymer Ethyl cellulose and Low substituted hydroxy propyl cellulose. Sitagliptin immediate release formulations were prepared using cross povidone, croscarmellose sodium and sodium starch glycolate as super disintegrants. The tablets were evaluated for all physico chemical parameters like angle of repose, bulk density, tapped density, Hausners ratio and carr’s index. Based on the invitro dissolution data the formulations SF6, MF9 and MF8 were found to be the optimized formulations for Sitagliptin phosphate and Metformin Hydrochloride formulations respectively. Trilayered tablets were prepared by first preparing Metformin HCl layers namely MF3 and MF8 using lesser compression force. The final compression was made by placing Sitagliptin IR layer (SF6) on the Metformin layers with final hardness of 6.5 kg and evaluated. The IR layer of Sitagliptin phosphate layer disintegrated in 54.67 sec from the trilayered tablet. In vitro dissolution studies of Trilayered tablet were performed in USP type II apparatus. The cumulative % drug release of Sitagliptin phosphate SF6 was found to be 99.65% at 30 min and Metformin HCl MF3 and MF8 was found to be 98.72 % at 12 hrs. From the study it is found that the formulations made from MF3 and MF8 combination of HPMC K15M and HPMC K4M polymers and SF6 Sodium starch glycolate used as super disintegrant was found to show optimum properties of required drug release.


Keywords


Hyperglycemia, Metformin HCl, Sitagliptin Phosphate, Trilayered tablet,drug delivery

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