Primary and novel approaches for colon targeted drug delivery – A review

Gaurav Tiwari, Ruchi Tiwari, Pranay Wal, Ankita Wal, Awani K. Rai

Abstract


The colon is a site where both local and systemic delivery of drugs can take place. Local delivery could, for example, allow topical treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Treatment could be made more effective if it were possible for drugs to be targeted directly on the colon. Systemic side effects could also be reduced. Colon specific systems might also allow oral administration of peptide and protein drugs, which are normally inactivated in the upper parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Primary approaches for CDDS (Colon Specific Drug Delivery), which includes prodrugs, pH and time dependent systems and microbially triggered drug delivery system achieved limited success and having limitations. Newly developed CDDS, which includes pressure controlled colonic delivery capsules (PCDCS), CODESTM and osmotic controlled drug delivery are unique in terms of achieving in vivo site specificity and feasibility of manufacturing process. This review also focuses on evaluations of CDDS in general.

Keywords: Colon drug delivery systems; Primary approaches; Newly developed approaches; evaluation of colon targeted drug delivery systems


Keywords


Colon drug delivery systems; Primary approaches; Newly developed approaches; evaluation of colon targeted drug delivery systems

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