Formulation and evaluation of biodegradable microspheres of tinidazole

Vikas Parashar, Dabeer Ahmad, Surya Prakash Gupta, Neeraj Upmanyu, Neha Parashar, Vinod Mudgal


The aim of present study is to develop biodegradable microspheres of Tinidazole. Bovine Serum Albumin was used for the preparation of microspheres. They were made in four batches. The emulsion cross-linking method was used for the preparation. The quantity of BSA varies for each formulation. Formulations were evaluated for particle size, Melting point, TLC, entrapment efficiency and in vitro release studies. Depending upon the drug to polymer ratio, the entrapment, loading were found to range between 48, 55, 75 and 78 (in %) respectively. Particle size of prepared microspheres was measured using a compound microscope. The surface topography and internal textures of the microspheres was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The microspheres were spherical, discrete and compact and size distribution was between 33.28 to 36.25 μm. In vitro studies were carried out at different pH for a period of 18 h and compared with marketed formulation. From all the batches it is concluded that when concentration of polymer increases microspheres shows more controlled and prolonged release. The drug release was between 66, 51, 48, 42 (in %). The drug release from 1:4 is most prolonged and constant. Both the IR spectra of drug and formulation were almost same. Combination multitone recorded due to N=O stretching and S=O in the IR region of 1500-1250 cm−1.

Keywords: Biodegradable microspheres, BSA, Tinidazole, In vitro release.IntroductionMicrospheres


Biodegradable microspheres, BSA, Tinidazole, In vitro release.IntroductionMicrospheres

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