Design and evaluation of sustained release matrix tablets of levofloxacin for effective treatment of microbial infections

Barnabas Wilson, Patel Hardikkumar Sitarambhai, M.S. Sajeev, G. Vinothapooshan

Abstract


The objective of present work was to formulate and evaluate sustained release matrix tablets of levofloxacin for treating microbial infections effectively. Levofloxacin is the active component of the racemate ofloxacin, and used for treating a variety of clinical conditions such as lower respiratory tract infections, acute sinusitis, uncomplicated skin and soft-tissue infections and complicated urinary tract infections. Different formulations were prepared by wet granulation method using various release rate controlling hydrophilic polymers. The formulations were evaluated for hardness, weight variation, friability and drug content uniformity. The in vitro release of drug from the formulations was studied in pH 1.2 acidic buffer and pH 6.8 phosphate buffer, and it was found that the prepared tablets were able to sustain the release of the drug. The release of levofloxacin from the tablets was diffusion controlled and the release mechanism was non-Fickian. For conclusion, the developed formulations may reduce the dosing intervals, reduce the dose related side effects and increase the drug’s efficacy for treating infections.

Keywords: Matrix tablets, levofloxacin, HPMC, guar gum, xantham gum, locust bean gum, Amorphophallus starch.


Keywords


Matrix tablets, levofloxacin, HPMC, guar gum, xantham gum, locust bean gum, Amorphophallus starch.

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