Solanum tuberosum L: Botanical, Phytochemical, Pharmacological and Nutritional Significance

Anjum Sahair R, Sneha S, Raghu N, Gopenath TS, Murugesan Karthikeyan, Ashok Gnanasekaran, Chandrashekrappa GK, Kanthesh M Basalingappa

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5138/09750185.2256

Abstract


Solanum tuberosum commonly known as potato belongs to solanaceae family. The whole part of potato plant including leaves; tuber, peel and juice are used in traditional medicine. A number of pharmacological activities of potato have been reported viz. Antioxidant, anticancer, antiallergy, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiobesity, anti-ulcer activity. Potato contains Phenolic acids, anthocyanin, flavonoids, vitamin B6, vitamin B3, pantothenic acid, potassium, manganese, phosphorous; copper and fibres. The medicinal properties, traditional uses, nutritional value, phytochemical constituents, taxonomy, geographic origin and distribution have been mentioned in this present review to provide collective data for multipurpose benefits.

 


Keywords


Solanum tuberosum; potato; Phytochemical; Pharmacological; anti-inflammatory.

Full Text:

PDF

References


[1]. Chandrasekara and Kumar TJ. Roots and Tuber Crops as Functional Foods: A Review on Phytochemical Constituents and Their Potential Health Benefits.International Journal of Food Science.2016; 1-16.


[2]. Sahar A.A., Malik Al-Saadi, Sabeh D Alutbi and Zainab J.Madhi. The effects of In vitro culture on the Leaf Anatomy of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L. CV. Arizaona). International journal of Current Research. 2017; 9(7): 54337-54342.


[3]. Jagdeep Singh Pannu, Rajeev Kumar Kapoor and Ruby Yadav. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. 2014; 5(12): 5389-5393.


[4]. Habeebullah SFK, Greisen HD and Jacobsen C.Potato peel extract as a natural antioxidant in chilled storage of minced horse mackerel (Trachurustrachurus): Effect on lipid and protein oxidation .Food Chemistry.2012;131:843-851.


[5]. Tierno R, Lopez A, Riga P, Arazuri S, Jaren C, Benedicto L and Ruiz de Galarreta J. Phytochemicals determination and classification in purple and red fleshed potato tubers by analytical methods and near infrared spectroscopy. J.Sci. Food Agric. 2015;96:1888-1899.


[6]. Kita A, Bakowska-Barczak A, Hamouz K, Kulakowska K and Lisinska G. The effect of frying on anthocyanin stability and antioxidant activity of crisps from red- and purple-fleshed potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.). J. Food Compos. Anal. 2013;32(2):169-175.


[7]. Blumberga D., Barisa A., Kubule A., Klavina K., Lauka D., Muizniece I., Blumberga A., Timma L. Biotehonomika. 2016; 113 ( 2017 ) 285 – 288.


[8].Anonymous. The biology of Solanum tuberosum (potato). Regulation Directive of the plant products Division, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Organisation for economic co-operation and development(OECD).1996;11:1-38.


[9].Wegener CB, Jansen G, Jurgens H. Bioactive Compounds in potatoes: Accumulation under drought stress conditions.2015; 5(3): 108-116.


[10].Saber MSM. Antimicrobial substances in certain Members of Solanaceae: V. Detection of Active principles in potato plant, Zentralblatt fur Bakteriol. Parasitenkunde, Infekt, and Hyg. Zweite Natur wissen schaftliche Abteilung Allg. Landwirtsch. And tech. Mikrobiol.1976; 131(2):113-116.


[11]. Atoui AK, MansouriA, Boskou G and KelfalasP. Tea and herbal infusions: Their antioxidant activity and phenolic profile. Food Chemistry. 2005;89: 27-36.


[12].Emad, S. Antioxidant effect of extracts from red grape seed and peel on lipid oxidation in oil of Sunflower . LWT - Food Science and Technology.2006;39:883-892.


[13]. Samarin AM, Poorazarang H, Hematyar N and Elhamirad A. Phenolics in Potato peels: Extraction and Utilization as Natural Antioxidants.2012; 18 (2): 191-195.


[14]. Chauhan K. Study of Antioxidant potential of Solanum tuberosum peel extracts. Journal of Integrated Science and technology. 2014;2(1):27-31.


[15]. Biology of Solanum tuberosum L (potato) by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) and Central Research Institute, Shimla under UNEP/GEF supported Phase2 Capacity Building Project on Biosafety.pp.1-39.


[16]. Hawkes JG.. The potato: Evolution, Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, Belhaven Press, London and Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington, D.C., 1990.pp.259.


[17]. Hanif R, Iqbal Z, Iqbal M, Hanif S and Rasheed M. Use of Vegetables as nutritional food: Role in human health, Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science.2006;1(1): 18-22.


[18]. http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/vegetables-and-vegetable-products/2770/2.


[19]. Banu KS, Cathrine L. General Techniques Involved in Phytochemical Analysis. 2015;2(4):25-32.


[20]. Tsao R. Phytochemical Profiles of potato and their Roles in Human Health and Wellness.Food.2008;3(1):125-135.


[21]. Milner JA. (1994) Reducing the rick of cancer. In: Goldberg 1st (Ed) Functional foods-Designer Foods, Pharmafoods, Nutraceuticals, Chapman & Hall, London, pp 39-70.


[22]. J. Azmir a, I.S.M. Zaidul a,, M.M. Rahman a, K.M. Sharif a, A. Mohamed a, F. Sahena b, M.H.A. Jahurul b,K. Ghafoor c, N.A.N. Norulaini d, A.K.M. Omar b. Techniques for extraction of bioactive compounds from plant materials: A review. Journal of Food Engineering. 2013;117:426-436.


[23]. Rowayshed G, Sharaf AM, El-faham SY. Ashourand MMS and Zaky AA. Utilization of potato peels extract as source of phytochemicals in biscuits. Journal of Basic and Applied Research International.2015; 8(3): 190-201.


[24]. Akyol H, Riciputi Y and Verardo V. Phenolic Compounds in the Potato and It’s by products: An Overview. Intetrnational Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016;17(6): 835.


[25]. Andre C, Ghislain M, Bertin P, Oufir M, Herrera R, Hoffmann L, Hausman, J, Larondelle, Y and Evers, D. Andean potato cultivars (Solanum tuberosum L.) as a source of antioxidant and mineral micronutrients. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 2007;55:366–378.


[26]. Schieber A, Marleny D and Saldaña A. Potato Peels: A Source of Nutritionally and Pharmacologically Interesting Compounds – A Review. Food.2009;3.


[27]. Méndez C, Delgado RMÁ, Rodriguez EM, Romero CD. Content of free phenolic compounds in cultivars of potatoes harvested in Tenerife (Canary Islands). Journal of Agricultural and Food chemistry.2004;52 (5), pp 1323–1327.


[28]. Brown, C, Culley, D, Yang, C, Durst, R and Wrolstad R. Variation of anthocyanin and carotenoid contents and associated antioxidant values in potato breeding lines. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Sciences. 2005;130:174–180.


[29]. Mori M, Hayashi K, Ohara-Takada A, Watanuki H, Katahira R, Ono H and Terahara N. Anthocyanins from Skins and Fleshes of Potato Varieties. Food Science and Technology Research.2010;16 (2): 115 – 122.


[30]. Breithaupt DE and Bamedi A. () Carotenoids and carotenoid esters in potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.): new insights into an ancient vegetable. Journal of Agricultural and Food chemistry.2002;50(24):7175-7181.


[31]. Mohammad B, Hossain and Nigel P, Brunton and Rai DK. Effect of Drying Methods on the Steroidal Alkaloid Content of Potato Peels, Shoots and Berries. Molecules.2016; 21(4):403.


[32]. Hayashi K, Hibasami H,Murakami T, Terahara N, Mori M andTsukui A. Induction of Apoptosis in Cultured Human Stomach Cancer Cells by Potato Anthocyanin sand Its Inhibitory Effects on Growth of Stomach Cancer in Mice. Food Science and Technology Research.2006;(1):22-26.


[33]. Taylor MA, Ross HA, Mcrae D, Stewart D, Roberts I, Duncan G, Wright F, Millam S and Davies HV. A Potato α-glucosidase gene encodes a glycoprotein-processing α–glucosidase2-like activity. Demonstration of enzyme activity and effects of down-regulation in transgenic plants. The Plant Journal. 2000; 24(3):305-316.


[34]. Yang S, Paek S, Kozukue N, Lee K, Kim JA.Chaconine, a potato glycoalkaloid,induces apoptosis of HT-29 human colon cancer cells through caspase-3 activation and inhibition of ERK1/2 phosphorylation, Food and chemical Toxicology.2006;44(6):839-846.


[35]. Das K, Krishna P, Sarkar A, Ilangovan SS and Sen S. A Review on Pharmacological properties of Solanum tuberosum. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology.2017;10(5):1517-1522.


[36]. Naturwissenschaften D, Dipl VH, Nebojša P, Dräger PB, Brandsch PDM, Ing P and Kvasni F, Biological role of calystegines − isolation from potato sprouts, analysis and dietary perspectives. Dissertation.2015.


[37]. Hammond ET, Andrews TJ and Woodrow IE. Regulation of Ribulose-1 , 5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase / Oxygenase by Carbamylation and 2-Carboxyarabinitol 1-Phosphate in Tobacco : Insights from Studies of Antisense Plants Containing Reduced Amounts of Rubisco Activase 1. The Plant Physiology. 1998; 118(4): 1463–1471.


[38]. Subrahmanyam M. Honey dressing versus boiled potato peel in the treatment of burns: a prospective randomized study. Burns. 1996; 22(6): 491–493.


[39]. Umadevi M, Sampath Kumar PK, Bhowmik D and Duraivel S. Health Benefits and Cons of Solanum tuberosum. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies.2013;1(1):16-25.


[40]. Vinson JA,Hao Y, Xuehei X and Zubik L. Phenol antioxidant quantity and quality in foods: vegetables. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.1998;46:3630-3634


[41]. Amanpour R, Abbasi- Maleki S, Neyriz-Naghadehi M and Asadi- Samani M, Antibacterial effects of Solanum tuberosum peel ethanol extract in vitro. Journal of Herb med Pharmacology.2015;4(2):45-48.


[42]. Ahmad MF1, Ahmad SM, Raj K, Keservani RK, Pradhan A. Anti-Ulcer Activity of Tuber Extracts of Solanum tuberosum (Solanaceae) in Rats.Acta Facultatis Pharmaceuticae. Universistatis Comenianae.2015;(2): 32-37.


[43]. Zhao CL, Guo HC and Zhao ZY. Review Pharmacological and nutritional activities of potatoanthocyanins. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.2009; 2(10):463-468.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
';



Copyright (c) 2018 Kanthesh M Basalingappa

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                AR Journals

18K, Street 1st, Gaytri Vihar, Pinto Park, Gwalior, M.P. India

              Copyright@arjournals.org (Design) 2009-2018

 

Follow @arjournals on Twitter