Phytochemistry investigation and antioxidant activity of four edible Verbenaceae of Burkina Faso

BANGOU Mindiédiba Jean, REYES-MARTÍNEZ Alfonso, COULIDIATI Tangbadioa Hervé, MEGALIZZI Véronique, NACOULMA Odile Germaine

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5138/09750185.2192

Abstract


Lantana rhodesiensis Moldenke, Lippia chevalieri Moldenke, Vitex diversifolia Bak and Vitex doniana Sweet are four species of Verbenaceae family widely used in traditional medicines in Burkina. The aim of this investigation was to study the chromatographic profile of phenols acids and that of the flavonoids as well as the antioxidants activities. Then, three types of extraction were made: acetonic (100%), decoction, ethanol-water(80/20 + 20/80); and fractions of ethanol-water which arehexane fraction (HF), ethyl acetate fraction (EAF), butanol fraction (BF) and aqueous fraction (AqF) of each species. These evaluations were supplemented by the quantification of the metal ions and the characterization by atomic absorption and HPLC-DAD methods of totals phenols acids and totals flavonoids.The whole of these proportioning was directed against the antioxidant activity through the anti-DPPH* (free radical scavenging activity), anti-TAC (total antioxidant capacity) and anti-IRP(iron reducing power).36 flavonoids on 41 were highlighted by the HPLC-DAD method. A derivative glycosylate of quercetin was detected in the V. diversifolia extracts. L. chevalieri presented the strongest value in terms of ions content with a 55.88 g/kg of calcium.In terms of antioxidant activity, L. rhodesiensis and L. chevalieri presented the best activities on total antioxidant activity and anti-DPPH, and iron reducing power respectively.It’s arise that decoction extract have the best’s activities and can justify the traditional uses.


Keywords


chromatographic profile, antioxidant, phenols, flavonoids, metals, spectrometry

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bangou MJ, Almaraz-Abarca N, Méda NTR, Zeba B, Kiendrebéogo M, Millogo-Rasolodimby J, Nacoulma OG. Polyphenolic composition of Lantana camara and Lippia chevalieri, and their Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities, International Journal of Phytomedicine. 2012;4(1):115–124.

Ouattara FO. Treatment of sexually transmitted infections in Mali: Study of Phytochemistry and Biological Activities of Annona senegalensis (Annonaceae) and Stachytarpheta valh angustifolia (Verbenaceae).Université de Bamako. 2005.

Sawadogo WR, Cerella C, Al-Mourabit A, Moriou C, Teiten MH, Guissou IP, Dicato M, Diederich M. Cytotoxic, antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of 5-Hydroxyl-6,7,31,41,51-Pentamethoxyflavone isolated from Lantana ukambensis, Nutrients. 2015;7:10388–10397.

Bangou MJ, Kiendrebeogo M, Compaoré M, Coulibaly AY, Méda NTR, Almaraz-Abarca N, Zeba B, Millogo-Rasolodimby J, Nacoulma OG. Enzyme Inhibition Effect and Polyphenolic Content of Medicinal Plant Extracts from Burkina Faso. Journal of Biological Sciences. 2011; 11(1):31-38

Pascual ME, Slowing K, Carretero E, Sanchez Mata D, Villar A. Lippia: traditional uses, chemistry and pharmacology: a review, J. Ethnopharmacol. 2001;76:201 – 214.

Nacoulma OG. Plantes médicinales et Pratiques médicales Traditionnelles au Burkina Faso: cas du plateau central T1&T2.Thèse Doctorat d’Etat ès Sciences Nat. Université de Ouagadougou, tome I et II.1996.

Taiwo O, Xu HX, Lee SF. Antibacterial activities of extracts from Nigerian chewing sticks, Phytother. Res. 1999;13:675–679.

Bangou MJ, Meda N-TR, Kiendrebeogo M, Nacoulma OG, Almaraz-Abarca N.A review on Lantana rhodesiensis Moldenke: traditional uses, phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities, Int. J. of Phytomedicine, 2017;9(1):1-10.

Bangou MJ, Méda N-TR, Thiombiano AME, Kiendrebéogo M, Zeba B, Millogo-Rasolodimby J, Coulidiaty YD, Yougbaré-Ziébrou M, Nacoulma OG. Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of five verbenaceae species from Burkina Faso, Curr. Res. J. Biol. Sci.2012;4:665 – 672.

Agbafor KN, Nwachukwu N. Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant property of leaf extracts of Vitex doniana and Mucuna pruriens, Biochem. Res. Int. 2011;459839:4

Bangou MJ, Almaraz-Abarca N, Meda N-TR, Yougbaré-Ziébrou M, Millogo-Rasolodimby J, Nacoulma OG. Lippia chevalieri Moldenke: A brief review of traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology, Int. J. Drug Delivery, 2012; 4(3):289–296.

Agunu A, Yusuf S, Andrew GO, Zezi AU, Abdurahman EM. Evaluation of five medicinal plants used in diarrhoea treatment in Nigeria, J. Ethnopharmacol. 2005;101:27–30.

Nebie RHC, Yameogo RT, Belanger A, Sib FS. Chemical composition of essential oils of Vitex diversifolia Bark, J. Essent. Oil Res. 2005;17: 276–277.

Nwachukwu E, Uzoeto HO. Antimicrobial activities of leaf of Vitex doniana and Cajanus cajan on some bacteria, Researcher. 2010;2:37–47.

Mustapha AT, Fanna IA, Irfan ZK, Sandabe UK. The effects of ethanolic extract of Vitex Doniana Stem Bark on peripheral and central nervous systemof laborotory animals, JAPS, 2012;2: 74–79.

Bibi A, Thangamani A, Venkatesalu V. Some endemic medicinal plants of Andamans with antimicrobial potential, JAAR. 2016;1:10–15.

Nurmi K, Vladimir O, Erkki H, Kalevi P. Variation of total phenolic content and individual low-molecular-weight phenolics in foliage of mountain birch trees (Betula pubescens ssp. Tortuosa), J. Chem. Ecol. 1996;22:2023–2040.

Lauranson-Broyer J, Lebreton P. Flavonoids and morphological traits of needles, as markers of natural hybridization between Pinus uncinata Ram and Pinus sylvestris L, Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 1993;21:241–247.

Mabry TJ, Markham KR, Thomas MB. The systematic identification of flavonoids. Springer-Verlag, New York,1970.

Campos MG, Markham KR. Structure information from HPLC and on-line measured absorption spectra-flavone, flavonols and phenolic acids. Coimbra University Press, Coimbra, Portugal, 2007.

Prieto P, Pineda M, Aguilar M. Spectrophometric quantification of antioxidant capacity through the formation of a phosphomolybdenum complex: Specific to the determination of vitamin E, Anal. Biochem. 1999;269:337–341.

Campos MG, Cunha PA, Navarro MC, Utrilla MP. Free radical scavenger activity of bee pollen, Polyphenols. 1994;94:415–426.

Yang J, Guo J, Yuan J. In vitro antioxidant properties of rutin, LWT Food Sci. Technol. 2008; 41:1060–1066.

Perkin-Elmer, Analysis of Plant Tissue, AY-5, United States of America. 1982;141–143.

Bangou MJ. Etude phytochimique et activités biologiques des tiges feuillées de Lantana camara L. et de Lippia chevalieri Moldenke: deux Verbenaceae du Burkina Faso, Thèse Unique de Doctorat, Université de Ouagadougou. 2012.

Nsimba RY, Kikuzaki H, Konishi Y. Antioxidant activity of various extracts and fractions of Chenopodium quinoa and Amaranthus spp. seeds. Food Chem. 2008:106:760–766.

Barriada-Bernal LG, Almaraz-Abarca N, Delgado-Alvarado EA, Gallardo-Velázquez T, Avila-Reyes JA, Torres-Moran MI, González-Elizondo MS, Herrera-Arrieta Y. Flavonoid composition and antioxidant capacity of the edible flowers of Agave durangensis (Agavaceae), CyTA-Journal of Food. 2013;12:105 – 114.

Falleh H, Ksouri R, Medini F, Guyot S, Abdelly C, Magné C. Antioxidant activity and phenolic composition of the medicinal and edible halophyte Mesembryanthemum edule L, Ind. Crop. Prod. 2011;34: 1066–1071.

Reyes-Martínez A, Almaraz-Abarca N, Gallardo-Velázquez T, González-Elizondo MS, Herrera-Arrieta Y, Pajarito-Ravelero A, Alanís-Bañuelos RE, Torres-Morán MI. Evaluation of foliar phenols of 25 Mexican varieties of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) as antioxidants and varietal markers, Nat. Prod. Res. 2014;28:2158–2162

Compaore M, Lamien-Meda A, Mogosan C, Lamien CE, Kiendrebeogo M, Vostinaru O, Vlase L, Ionescu C, Nacoulma OG. Antioxidant, diuretic activities and polyphenol content of Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.(Bignoniaceae), Nat. Prod. Res. 2011;25:1777–1788.

Gursoy N, Sarikurkcu C, Cengiz M, Solak MH. Antioxidant activities, metal contents, total phenolics and flavonoids of seven Morchella species, Food Chem. Toxicol. 2009;47:2381–2388.

Lamien-Meda A, Lamien CE, Compaoré MMY, Meda RN-T, Kiendrebeogo M, Zeba B, Millogo JF, O.G. Nacoulma OG. Polyphenol content and antioxidant activity of fourteen wild edible fruits from Burkina Faso, Molecules, 2008;13:581–594.

Manzi P, Marconi S, Aguzzi A. Commercial mushrooms: Nutritional quality and effect of cooking, Food Chem. 2004; 84:201–206.

Meda A, Lamien CE, Romito M, Millogo J, Nacoulma OG.Determination of the total phenolic, flavonoid and proline contents in Burkina Fasan honey, as well as their radical scavenging activity, Food Chem. 2005;91:571– 577.

Hinneburg I, Dorman HJD, Hiltunen R. Antioxidant activities of extracts from selected culinary herbs and spices, Food Chem. 2006;97:122 – 129.

Tai Z, Cai L, Dai L, Dong L, Wang M, Yang Y, Ding Z. Antioxidant activity and chemical constituents of edible flower of Sophora viciifolia, Food Chem. 2011;126: 1648–1654.

Piero NM, Kimuni NS, Ngeranwa NJ, Orinda OG, Njagi MJ, Maina D, Agyirifo SD, Gathumbi K, Kinge WS, Njagi Eliud EN. Antidiabetic and safety of Lantana rhodesiensis in Alloxan induced diabetic rats, J. Develop. Drugs. 2015;4(1):1-10.

Lagnika L, Amoussa M, Adjovi Y, Sanni A. Antifungal, antibacterial and antioxidant properties of Adansonia digitata and Vitex doniana from Bénin pharmacopeia, J. Pharmacognosy Phytother. 2012;4:44–52.

Vunchi MA, Umar AN, King MA, Liman AA, Jeremiah G, Aigbe CO. Proximate, Vitamins and Mineral Composition of Vitex doniana (black plum) Fruit Pulp, Nig. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 2011;19:97–101.

Meda N-TR,Bangou MJ, Bakasso S, Millogo-Rasolodimby J,Nacoulma OG. Antioxidant activity of phenolic and flavonoid fractions of Cleome gynandra and Maerua angolensis of Burkina Faso, J. Appl. Pharm. Sci. 2013;3:36–42.

Greenham J, Harborne JB, Williams CA. Identification of Lipophilic Flavones and Flavonols by Comparative HPLC, TLC and UV Spectral Analysis. Phytochemical Analysis, 2003;14:100-118.

Tsimogiannis DI, Oreopoulou V. Free radical scavenging and antioxidant activity of 5, 7, 3V, 4V-hydroxy-substituted flavonoids. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 2004;5: 523-528.

Carocho M, I.C.F.R. Ferreira ICFR. A review on antioxidants, prooxidants and related controversy: Natural and synthetic compounds, screening and analysis methodologies and future perspectives, Food Chem. Toxicol. 2013;51:15–25.

Lascarrou JB. Comparaison de deux méthodes de dosage de la capacité antioxydante totale du sérum au cours de la chirurgie thoracique. Université de Nantes. 2010.

Seifried HE, Anderson DE, Fisher EI, JA. Milner JA. A review of the interaction among dietary antioxidants and reactive oxygen species, J. Nutr. Biochem. 2007; 18:567–579.

Sies H. Oxidative Stress, Oxidants and Antioxidants, Exp. Physiol. 1997;82:291–295.

Flora SJS. Structural, chemical and biological aspects of antioxidants for strategies against metal and metalloid exposure, Oxid. Med. Cell. Longev. 2009;2:191–206.

Lobo V, Patil A, Phatak A, Chandra N. Free radicals, antioxidants and functional foods: Impact on human health,Pharmacogn. Rev. 2010; 4:119 -126.

Pham-Huy LA, He H, Pham-Huy C.Free radicals, antioxidants in disease and health,Int. J. Biomed.Sci. 2008;4:89–96.

Rahman K. Studies on free radicals, antioxidants, and co-factors, Clin. Interv. Aging, 2007;2:219–236.

Thamotharan G, Sekar G, Ganesh T, Sen S, Chakraborty R, Kumar NS. Antiulcerogenic effects of lantana camara linn. leaves on in vivo test modelsin rats, Asian J. Pharm. Clin. Res. 2010;3:57–60.

Feng QL, Davey KG, Pang ASD, Ladd TR, Retnakaran A, Tomkins BL, Zheng S, Palli SR. Developmental expression and stress induction ofglutathione S-transferases in the spruce budworm, choristoneura fumiferana, J. Insect. Physiol. 2001;47:1–10.

Van Zanden JJ, Hamman OR, van Iersel MLPS, Boeren S, Cnubben PJ, I.M.C. Rietjens IMC. Inhibition of human glutathione S-transferases P1-1 by theflavonoid quercetin, Chem. Biol. Interac. 2003;145:139 –148.

Tilak JC, Devasagayam TPA, Lele RD. Antioxidant Activities From Indian Medicinal Plants: A Review, Current status and future prospects. 2001;21-24.

Ayoola GA, Coker HAB, Adesegun SA, Adepoju-Bello AA, Obaweya K, Ezennia EC, Atangbayila TO. Phytochemical screening and antioxidant activities of some selected medicinal plants used for malaria therapy in Southwestern Nigeria, Trop. J. Pharm. Res. 2008;7:1019–1024.

Cai Y, Luo Q, Sun M, Corke H.Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds of 112 traditional Chinese medicinal plants associated with anticancer, Life Sci. 2004;74:2157–2184.

Djeridane A, Yousfi M, Nadjemi B, Boutassouna D, Stocker P, Vidal PN. Antioxidant activity of some Algerian medicinal plants extracts containing phenolic compounds, Food Chem. 2006;97:654–660.

Edeoga HO, Okwu DE, Mbaebie BO. Phytochemical constituents of some Nigerian medicinal plants. Afri. J. Biotechnol. 2005;4:685–688.

Mevy JP, Bessiere JM, Dherbomez M, Millogo J, Viano J. Chemical composition and some biological activities of the volatile oils of a chemotype of Lippia chevalieri Moldenke, Food Chem. 2007;101:682–685.

Suksamrarn A, Yingyongnarongkul B, Promrangsanm N. Naturally Occurring 20, 26-Dihydroxyecdysone Exists As Two C-25 Epimers Which Exhibit Different Degrees Of Moulting Hormone Activity, Tetrahedron, 1998;54:14565–14572.

Aphaijitt S, Nimgirawath K, Suksamrarn A, Tooptakong U. Isolation and Crystal Structure of Limonidilactone-A Labdane Diterpene From Vitex limonifolia, Aust. J. Chem. 2006;48:133–137.

Kannathasan K, Senthikumar A, Venkatesalu V. In vitro potential of some Vitex species against human pathogenic bacteria. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Med. 2011;4:645–648.

Egbekun MK, Akowe JI RJ, Ede RJ. Physico-chemical And Sensory Properties of Formulated Syrup from Black Plum (Vitex doniana) Fruit, Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. 1996;49:301–306.

Ladeji O, Udoh FV, Okoye ZSC. Activity of Aqueous Extract of The Bark of Vitex doniana On Uterine Muscle Response To Drugs, Phytotherapy Res. 2004;19:804– 806.

Ochieng CO, Ishola IO, Opiyo SA, Manguro LA, Owuor PO, Wong KC. Phytoecdysteroids from the stem bark of Vitex doniana and their anti-inflammatory effects, Planta Med. 2013;79:52–59.

Ajiboye TO, Standardized TO. Extract of Vitex doniana Sweet stalls protein oxidation, lipid peroxidation and DNA fragmention in acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity. J. Ethnopharmacol. 2015;164:273–282.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
';



Copyright (c) 2017 BANGOU Mindiédiba Jean

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                AR Journals

18K, Street 1st, Gaytri Vihar, Pinto Park, Gwalior, M.P. India

              Copyright@arjournals.org (Design) 2009-2018

 

Follow @arjournals on Twitter