Study of Daucus carota ssp. Sativus and Butea monosperma to analyse their Applicability in Pharmaceutical Industry as Antimicrobial Agents

Nikhil Bhalla, Vijay Kumar, Susmita Shukla

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5138/09750185.2178

Abstract


Human Beings have been using plant products to heal the Wounds and Diseases from the inception of humankind. Even when it was not known that microorganisms exist, People have been using antimicrobial agents prepared from plants. These antimicrobial products were prepared by extracting the plant in a suitable solvent. Antimicrobial property is conferred to plants by the presence of various phytochemicals which are the products of several Secondary metabolic pathways. The aim of this project was to decipher the potential use of Daucus carota ssp. Sativus and Butea monosperma in the pharmaceutical industry. In this research, Qualitative phytochemical screening and antimicrobial potential of Black carrot and Kamarkas has been studied.

Black carrot showed good antimicrobial activity against A. brasiliensis, E. coli and S. enterica, arranged in descending order of the Slope obtained in each antimicrobial assay. Phytochemical screening showed the presence of Flavonoids, Soluble Phenolic Compounds, Naphthoquinone and traces of Saponins and Alkaloids. The Kamarkas showed antimicrobial activity against S. aureus and to some extent against A. brasiliensis. Phytochemical analysis of Kamarkas showed positive for all phytochemicals. 


Keywords


Phytochemical screening, Antimicrobial activity, Black Carrot, Kamarkas

Full Text:

PDF

References


Marjorie Murphy Cowan. (1999). Plant products as Antimicrobial Agents. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 12(4). 564-582. 2. T Wadhwani, K Desai, D Patel, D Lawani, P Bahaley, P Joshi, V Kothari. (2008). Effect of various solvents on bacterial growth in context of determining MIC of various antimicrobials. The internet journal of microbiology. 7(1). 3. B Vinoth, R Manivasagaperumal, M. Rajaravindran. (2012), Phytochemical Analysis and antibacterial activity of Azadirachta indica A JUSS. International Journal of Research in Plant Science. 2(3). 50-55. 4. Jeremy Clorault, Emannuel Geoffriau, Eric Lionneton, Mathilde Briard, Didier Peltier. (2010). Carotenoid Biosynthesis genes provide evidence of Geographical subdivision and extensive linkage disequilibrium in the carrot. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 121. 659-672. 5. Vishwanath Khandare, Shweta Walia, Meenakshi Singh, Charanjit Kaur. (2011). Black carrot (Daucus carota ssp. sativus) juice: Processing effects on antioxidant composition and color. Food and bioproduct processing. 89(4). 482-486 6. Esselen M, Friitz J, Hutter M, Teller N, Baecheler S, Bottler U, Marczylo TH, Gescher AJ, Marko D. (2011). Anthocyannin-rich extracts suppress the DNA Damaging effects of topoisomerase Poisons in Human Colon Cancer Cells. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research. 55(1). 143-153. 7. Shih PH, Wu CH, Yeh CT, Yen GC. (2011). Protective effects of anthocyanins against amyloid β-peptide-induced damage in neuro-2A Cells. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 59(5). 1683-1689. 8. Firdaus Rana, Mazumdar Avijit. (2012). Review on Butea monosperma. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Chemistry. 2(4). 1035-1039. 9. Prashant Tiwari, Bimlesh Kumar, Mandeep Kaur, Gurpreet Kaur, Harleen KaurPlants. (2011). Phytochemical screening and Extraction: A Review. Internationale Pharmaceutica sciencia. 1(1). 98-106. 10. T Wadhwani, K Desai, D Patel, D Lawani, P Bahaley, P Joshi, V Kothari. (2008). Effect of various solvents on bacterial growth in context of determining MIC of various antimicrobials. The Internet Journal of Microbiology. 7(1). 11. S R Hashemi, I Zulfikar, Z Zunita, M N Somchit. (2008) The Effect of Selected Sterilization Methods on Antimicrobial Activity of Aqueous extract of herbal plants. Journal of Biological Sciences. 8(6). 1072-1076.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
';



Copyright (c) 2018 Susmita Shukla

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                AR Journals

18K, Street 1st, Gaytri Vihar, Pinto Park, Gwalior, M.P. India

              Copyright@arjournals.org (Design) 2009-2018

 

Follow @arjournals on Twitter