Phytochemical and Biological Evaluation of Justica adhatoda

Shahid Aziz, Hidayat Hussain, Anisa Younis, Habib ur-Rehman, Muhammad Shahid, Arshad Farooq Butt, Ivan R Green

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5138/09750185.1875

Abstract


Phytochemical and biological investigations were undertaken on  ethanolic extracts of the leaves and root bark of Justica adhatoda L.  Alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, tannins, steroids and saponins were detected in  extracts from both parts of the title plant. Reducing sugars  were not detected in  either extract whereas flavonoids were  detected in ethanolic extract of J. adhatota leaves only. Significant antibacterial and antifungal activities against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus niger  were demonstrated by both the  leaf and root bark extracts. Additionally, both extracts  displayed good antioxidant and heomolytic potential.  Interestingly, eight metal ions were detected in both extracts  in different concentrations.


Keywords


Justice adhatoda L., anti-microbial, antifungal, antioxidant and heomolytic activity

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